Thursday, April 30, 2015

Ptosis Surgery.

Happy Labour Day. Did three eyelid surgery today. All ptosis performed with posterior approach.

Monday, April 20, 2015

Some Patients Done Recently.

Three procedures cover most of my oculoplastic cases: Asian blepharoplasty; eyebag surgery and ptosis (droopy eyelids). Below are some selected patients from last months.  

Patient a is a male patient who has had small incision operation for double eyelids. the double eyelids should not be made too high or the eyes become feminized. Patient b had bilateral small incision double eyelid surgery coupled with non-surgical rhinoplasty. Patient c has had bilateral double eyelids done elsewhere by a plastic surgeon, shecomplains the eyes look sleepy, and examination reveals bilateral ptosis. Bilateral posterior conjunctivomullectomy was done to lift the eyes by 2mm.

Tuesday, April 14, 2015

Total Excision of the Upper Eyelid in a Patient with Sebaceous Cell Carcinoma

This 72 year-old woman from a remote village developed a rapidly growing lesion of the right upper eyelid. Examination showed the whole upper eyelid was invaded by the tumour. Biopsy revealed sebaceous cell carcinoma. This type of cancer is more common in Asians than other races and is not related to sun exposure like basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma. I excised the whole upper eyelids and replaced it with the lower eyelid using a technique called Cutler-Beard's flap in August last year. 

A rapidly growing mass in the right upper lid 
destroying most of the eyelashes. 

The mass involved nearly all the upper eyelid and biopsy 
showed this to be sebaceous cell carcinoma. 

Steps of upper eyelid reconstruction in this patient. a-c. The upper eyelid
 was excised with normal looking tissue to ensure the margin is free 
of tumour. d-g. Full thickness lower eyelid was used to cover
 the defect. This was done in 3 layers: conjunctiva of lower lid 
to conjunctiva of upper lid; orbicularis muscle of lower lid 
to levator of the of the upper and skin to skin. 
h. End of the procedure. 

Appearance of the eye at one week post-operative. The patient was
discharged and given date for opening the flap in 2-month time. 

For various reasons the patient was unable to return for secondary surgery until February this year (6 months after the primary procedure). After opening the flap, she was able to move her eyelid normally and there was no recurrence of the tumour. 

a. Appearance of the right eyelid 6 months after the Cutler-Beard's procedure.
b, c, and d. Opening up of the flap. e. right eyelid at 3-week after lid opening. 

Monday, April 13, 2015

A Rapidly Enlarging Upper Eyelid Lesion

This European man, who has been living in Malaysia for the past decade, presents with a left upper eyelid mass which grows rapidly over a period of two months. The lesion bleeds easily when touch but otherwise painless. A biopsy shows this to be a squamous cell carcinoma. Skin cancer is relatively uncommon amongst native Malaysians because the presence of increased melanin offers protection against ultraviolet light which is the main cause of skin cancer such as basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Europeans who live in sunny countries are at increased risk of skin cancers as their skins have less melanin. 

Preoperative appearance showing a large lesion 
involving one-third of the upper eyelid.

I excise the anterior lamellar with 5 mm clear margin. After getting clearance of the lesion from the pathologists, the raw surface is covered with bilobed flap. The patient has good result even at 3-week postoperative. The scar in white skin tends to heal better and less noticeable than patients with darker skin. 

Pictures showing stages of tumour excision and reconstruction.

3-week postoperative.